A Trial is a formal judicial examination of the facts of a case to decide the validity of a charge or claim. It includes the hearing of a civil or criminal case before a court of Competent Jurisdiction. During a trial, issues or charges are framed and evidence led consequently. Oral as well as documentary evidence is adduced followed by a judicial determination of facts ascertaining the acts and omissions committed of the transaction or crime/offence.
There are two main branches of trial and those include a Criminal and a Civil Trial. Both are governed by separate procedural laws altogether and the judge of each trial is called either a Civil Judge or a Judicial Magistrate.