A patent is grant of exclusive rights for an invention to make, use and sell the invention for a limited period of 20 years. The patent grant excludes others from making, using, or selling the invention. Patent protection does not start until the actual grant of a patent. A patent owner has the right to decide who may or may not use the patented invention for the period in which the invention is protected. The patent owner may give permission, or license, to other parties to use the invention on mutually agreed terms.
In order to be patentable an invention should have the following characteristics:
- The invention should be process or product
- The invention should be novel or new
- It involves an inventive step
- It is capable of industrial application